Aaron ASHWOOD
Male 1828 - 1880

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  • Birth  1828  Brosley Shrewsbury England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Male 
    Died  4 Dec 1880  River Derwent Hobart Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID  I1613  James Harrison's descendants
    Last Modified  24 Jun 2011 
     
    Family  Margaret HACKETT,   b. Abt 1831, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Feb 1883, Risdon Hobart Tas. Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  31 Jul 1855  St Johns Richmond Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Aaron ASHWOOD,   b. 12 Jun 1857, Hobart Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Sep 1884, Shag Bay Hobart Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. John ASHWOOD,   b. 1856
     3. Rebecca Theresa ASHWOOD
    Family ID  F1162  Group Sheet
     
  • Notes 
    • 10 children in Hobart 5 boys and five girls. 8 alive when he died.


      Born Broseley Village, Shrewsbury Salop England
      Aaron Ashwood was born about 1828 in the Salop District of England in the town of Broseley, Shrewsbury
      County. While research continues, we know little of his life in this area bordering on the Welsh border and
      marshes. It was a geographic area abundant in coal, lead, copper and iron ore deposits.
      The River Severn flowed through the county and was used for the transportation of goods and services for
      centuries. During the 18th century, the town of Broseley was a centre of innovation. 1750 - 1820 was a time of
      great riches for few and abject poverty for many. The Rev. John Wesley preached in Shrewsbury to the poor as
      to how to help themselves.
      By 1800 coach travel had become the main means of transportation. Shrewsbury became an important staging
      post for the London- to- Ireland route with numerous coaches leaving from various inns in town; and in 1832
      3
      Family Group Sheet 7/7/2006
      the thirteen year old Princess destined one day to be the mighty Queen Victoria visited Shrewsbury. All the
      silver was taken out of the town’s store to make the day special.
      The Navvies were building the railway to connect Shrewsbury with Birmingham. In November 1859 Charles
      Darwin, a son of Shrewsbury, published his Origin of Species. Shrewsbury however has more pressing things
      on its mind: drunkenness, prostitution, overcrowding all problems that had built over the subsequent decades.
      It was amongst this drunkenness, prostitution and overcrowding Aaron Ashwood lived and grew to be a young
      man.
      Broseley was experiencing a high rate of crime as were other economically depressed areas of Salop, and there
      were no policing agencies. The well to do citizens banded together and formed associations for the prosecution
      of felons.
      “The Anti-Felons” was the name by which they were popularly known. Their full title was “The Broseley
      Association for the Prosecution of Felons”. They were one of many such associations existing in the 18th, 19th
      and well into the 20th centuries, which originally had the sole purpose of bringing petty criminals to justice.
      They flourished in the days prior to the compulsory establishment of borough and county police forces.
      In his “Portrait of an Age Victorian England”, G.M. Young says that in 1840 there were in England “five
      hundred associations for the prosecution of felons; but there were no county police; and the mainstay of the
      public police was not the (parish) constable but the yeoman, and behind the yeoman, though cautiously and
      reluctantly employed, the soldier”.
      More than one Shropshire town had its Anti-Felon Association. Ludlow had one, rivalling Broseley’s in its long
      years of existence. There was one in Louth, Lincolnshire. George Eliot, in “Scenes of Clerical Life”, writing of
      the 1830 period, has a farmer, Mr. Hackit, “presiding at the annual dinner of the Association for the
      Prosecution of Felons at the Oldinfort Arms”, in the Nuneaton area. Arnold Bennett writes in “These Twain” of
      an architect living in the Five Towns during the late 19th century: “Osmond Orgreave had never related
      himself to the crowds. He was not a Freemason; he had never had municipal office; he had never been
      President of the Society for the Prosecution of Felons”.
      But between the days of Hackit and Orgreave Anti-Felons everywhere were more concerned with the pleasures
      of social gatherings than with the pursuit of justice.
      Precisely such a system of rewards was fundamental to the formation of the Broseley Anti-Felons. Members of
      the Association were owners of various kinds of property; a house, an estate, a mine, a quarry, a farm, craft on
      the river, an iron-works, a pottery, a shop or a public house. They each paid a membership fee and an annual
      subscription, and the money subscribed served to provide rewards for information leading to the arrest and
      successful prosecution of persons responsible for thefts and acts of damage to property. The money was also to
      be used to pay lawyers’ fees.
      There was a fixed scale of rewards, payable after conviction of the felon. In 1837, a reward of 5 guineas was
      offered in cases of burglary, highway robbery, arson, stealing horses and cattle; 2 guineas when pigs, poultry,
      hay, straw had been stolen; one guinea in the case of theft of timber, gates, fencing, of fruit and vegetables, and
      in the event of wilful damage to wagons, ploughs etc.; “or any kind of felony whatsoever”. In 1860 the same
      scale of rewards applied as in 1837. (taken from Wilkinson Journals 9 and 11 - 1981&83 by John Cragg)
      THE CONVICT YEARS
      On the 27th day of June 1842, at the age of twenty, Aaron Ashwood was tried and convicted. He was sentenced
      to ten years for burglary of books and for 2 months for poaching.
      Shrewsbury had it's own prison dating from 1793.
      Aaron Ashwood was described for prison records as being 5 feet 2 l/2 inches, medium weight, fair complected
      with a round head, dark brown hair, dark brown eyebrows, grey eyes, large nose, wide mouth, medium chin,
      with ______________ right arm, _______ marks on breast, large scar on throat, scar between eyebrows who
      could read. He was also described as single, and a Protestant. The surgeon's report was indifferent.
      REgistration Number 1890 RGD Number 35 (his death)
      He departed from Plymouth on the ship Anson 1 October 1843 and arrived 4 February 1844 in Van Diemen's
      Land. Data Base Number 1680 Tasmania Convict Archives
      4
      Family Group Sheet 7/7/2006
      Private Life
      At the time of marriage Aaron Ashwood, Sr. was described as a coal miner, in 1856 as a miner of Providence
      Valley; in 1858 of New Town, from 1860 as a quarryman of O'Brien's Bridge, and from 1868 as Watr Bailiff.
      In 1871 while residing at Risdon Ferry he was reported missing on the Derwent December 4, 1880. His body
      was never recovered, consequently thee was no inquest or death certificate. The basic details of his date and
      place of birth cannot be located from that source. There were a number of Ashwoods transsported from Ireland
      over the years, but none with the surname Aaron.
      Marriage Information
      Wife: Margaret Ferrell Mary Hackett
      Married: 31 Jul 1855
      Beginning status: Married
      in: The Church of St. John Richmond Tasmania Australia
      Reference number: Reg # 1173
      Marriage Notes
      Registration Number 1173 RGD Number 37 (Marriage)
      Aaron Ashwood (27), coal miner and Margaret Hackett alias Mary Farrell (21), house servant were married on
      31 July 1855 by William Dunne (sic) at the Church of St. John Richmond according to the rites and ceremonies
      of the Catholic church by bans . Witnessed by Jeremiah Donovan and Margaret Donovan. Marriage number
      126 in the book Marriages of the District.